So, you think you know all there is to know about marijuana? We’ve all read and heard stories and details about marijuana, which may or may not convince you of its value to society and humanity in general. To be sure, there are compelling arguments for and against marijuana on either side of the issue. However, certain facts are indisputable and have been proven by science. Here are five of the most important facts that you should know about marijuana.
Fact One: The primary active ingredients of marijuana–the cannabinoids THC and CBD–both have some value in cancer treatment and prevention. Although most currently accepted medical applications involve the use of marijuana for the management of cancer and its various symptoms, the plant may actually have some significant value with regard to cancer prevention. Some of the most promising studies have shown that THC attacks cancerous tissues in the brain while leaving healthy cells intact. Other studies have shown that CBD has similar medical value.
Fact Two: Marijuana may triggers neurogenesis. This means that marijuana may actually encourage the development of brain cells. This is in stark contrast to the often-held notion that marijuana destroys brain cells. Many of the traditional theories with regard to the effect of marijuana on brain cells were based on questionable research. More recent and verifiable studies have in fact shown that marijuana has the opposite effect, with a 2005 study showing that cannabinoids may encourage neurogenesis in the hippocampus of the brain in human adults.
Fact Three: The legalization of marijuana has resulted in lower rates of suicide in certain communities. In Colorado–which is one of the 23 states that have legalized marijuana for medical use–suicide rates have dropped significantly following legalization. Studies conducted on a statewide level in Denver showed that the number of suicides fell by almost 5%. The same study also showed an 11% reduction in the suicide rate among males aged 20 to 29, and a 9% reduction among males aged 30 to 39.
Fact Four: There is no significant evidence that marijuana causes damage to the tissues of the lungs.
Although vaporization is largely considered to be the safest way to ingest marijuana, there is no significant evidence to show that smoking it is inherently riskier. Furthermore, studies have shown that not only does marijuana smoke cause no significant damage, it may in fact even provide protection to lung tissue. In a study conducted by Donald Tashkin of the UCLA, it was even found that heavy use does not cause any significant damage to the lungs either.
Fact Five: There are two primary types of marijuana, each with different effects: Sativa and Indica. Sativas are characterized by long, thin leaves and tall branches, Indicas on the other hand have broad leaves produced by short plants. In terms of effects, Sativas tend to produce a more cerebral and energetic mind high better suited for creative work and energy. Indicas produce a more soporific, body high that makes it better suited for relaxation, sleep, and pain relief.
Found at Stoner Things.
As Americans continue to embrace pot—as medicine and for recreational use—opponents are turning to a set of academic researchers to claim that policymakers should avoid relaxing restrictions around marijuana. It’s too dangerous, risky, and untested, they say. Just as drug company-funded research has become incredibly controversial in recent years, forcing major medical schools and journals to institute strict disclosure requirements, could there be a conflict of interest issue in the pot debate?
If Not D.A.R.E., Then What?
Moving away from “Just Say No” and towards a more nuanced understanding of drug education
I grew up in the 1990s, the era of mandatory D.A.R.E. and Just Say No. Local law enforcement stepped inside the classroom to instruct us kids, their message clear: “All drugs are bad.”
My dad, Dr. Charles Grob, one of the country’s leading clinical researchers studying the potential benefits of psychedelic-assisted therapy, didn’t agree. As the director of child and adolescent psychiatry at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, and with the approval of the Food and Drug Administration and the Drug Enforcement Administration, he’s led several investigative studies of drugs branded by D.A.R.E. in my youth as “bad,” including MDMA (“Ecstasy” or “Molly”), psilocybin (“shrooms”), and ayahuasca.
His colleagues—many of whom I’ve known since I was very young—have added marijuana, ketamine, ibogaine, and even LSD to their impressive roster of studies as well. Investigation of these substances had previously been shuttered, thanks in large part to Timothy Leary’s Pied Piperism during the 1960s, but the 90s initiated a renaissance of government-sanctioned psychedelic research that continues to this day.
The results of recent studies have been positive. Take psilocybin, for instance. In studies positing that psilocybin can reduce anxiety for end-stage cancer patients,ease the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder, and treat alcohol abuse, the data is encouraging. Psilocybin, if used appropriately, could be a viable medicine. Or, consider MDMA. Dr. Michael Mithoefer’s study using MDMA-assisted therapy to treat individuals suffering from PTSD found reduced symptoms in 83 percent of subjects in the active treatment group, versus 25 percent of subjects in the control group. The pilot study’s success has led to approvals for a new follow-up study treating military veterans suffering from PTSD.
There are a variety of takeaways from these studies, but one is clear and consistent: Many of those “bad” drugs aren’t always bad.
Continue reading this HERE.
Are Colorado And Washington Taking California’s Best Pot?
The legalization of recreational marijuana in Colorado has the world envious. They did it right. Nobody’s dying. DUIs aren’t increasing. The people are getting their cut via taxes. It’s all good.
Except maybe the supply line isn’t all good.
Vice reports that much of California’s best weed from the current late-summer harvest is going to Colorado and Washington, both recreational states.
The publication quotes Tim Blake, organizer of the annual Emerald Cup cannabis contest, who says, “There’s almost nothing left in the mountains anymore.”
The Emerald Triangle growing region has been hit both by drought and by intense demand from these newly legit marijuana states.
Rick Pfrommer of Oakland’s Harborside Health Center says:
Everyone knows, right? Everyone from out of state comes to the Emerald Triangle to buy weed and ship it home.
Wholesale prices range from $1,200 to $1,600 a pound this season, according to the report.
Where does that leave the average patient? We’ll see …
Yep, time for a marijuana themed nude!
WASHINGTON (AP) — The legalization of recreational marijuana in two states — Colorado and Washington — and medical marijuana in more than 20 others has raised concern that there will be more drivers stoned behind the wheel. What’s not clear is whether that will translate into an increase in fatal crashes.
WHAT WE KNOW
While marijuana users can perform simple tasks well while they are high, brain imaging has shown that they have to use more of their brain to do so. Their reaction times are slower, peripheral vision is decreased and multitasking impeded. As a result, when sudden or surprising things occur to complicate those tasks — such as when a pedestrian steps in front of a car — they cannot respond as well. On the other hand, marijuana users tend to be aware they are impaired and try to compensate for it.
WHAT WE DON’T KNOW
It’s not clear how much marijuana use contributes to crash risk. Some studies have found that marijuana can double crash risk, but others have found virtually no increase.
HOW HIGH IS TOO HIGH
Traces of THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, can be detected in the blood of some habitual marijuana users days or weeks after they last used the drug, making it hard to use blood tests to discern a current level of impairment. Most states haven’t set a THC threshold for impairment, but Colorado and Washington have settled on an intoxication blood level of five parts per billion. There’s no roadside test for THC like those for alcohol, but some states are experimenting with a saliva test.
In 2013, the first full year after Washington state legalized pot, nearly 25 percent more drivers tested positive for marijuana than before legalization. But there’s been no corresponding jump in accidents or arrests for intoxicated driving. A University of Colorado Medical School study found that the share of drivers involved in fatal motor vehicle crashes in Colorado who tested positive for marijuana more than doubled between 1994 and 2011. A National Safety Council study looked at the prevalence of drivers involved in fatal crashes who tested positive for marijuana in 12 states from 1992 to 2009 — before and after implementing medical marijuana laws. Only three states showed an increase — California, Hawaii and Washington — and those appeared to be a one-time increase possibly associated with differences in testing.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is conducting research to get a better idea of how pot affects driving. NHTSA and Washington state officials have also teamed up to assess change in marijuana use by drivers before and after the state allowed retail sale of the drug, with results due next year.
Found at the Denver Post.
Find Legal Medical Marijuana. Great if you are in a state or area where medical marijuana is legal.